What Happened at Walcheren?

Discussion in 'History' started by Ashley, Jun 12, 2007.

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  1. This question popped up on a questionair form I got in a Royal Marines information pack.

    The thing is, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walcheren doesn't say anything about Royal Marines specifically. Also which year are they questioning me about? 1809 or 1940-44?

    Ashley. (Sorry if this isn't the right forum for it)
  2. This should help you out shipmate :)

    And always remember, Wiki is ok for some stuff, but Google is your friend ;)
  3. Operation Infatuate II was the amphibious landing at Westkapelle, also conducted on the morning of 1 November. After a heavy naval bombardment by the British Royal Navy, troops of 4th Special Service Brigade (Nos. 41, 47 and 48 Royal Marine Commando and No. 10 Inter Allied Commando, consisting mainly of Belgian and Norwegian troops) supported by specialised armored vehicles (amphibious transports, mine-clearing tanks, bulldozers, etc.) of the 79th Armoured Division were landed on both sides of the gap in the sea dyke, using large landing craft as well as amphibious vehicles to bring men and tanks ashore. Heavy fighting ensued here as well before the ruins of the town were captured.

    Hope this helps.

  4. A week long battle for the Sheldt estuary in order to secure supplys into Antwerp. The assault involved intense fighting across canals and open ground, both of which were heavily mined. The success of the assualt was in large part due to the (very) close support provided by the Naval Support Craft, manned by Jack and Royal.

    From the web: November 1st 1944 "Operation 'Infatuate' - The island of Walcheren was heavily defended and largely flooded when the battle took place. Army units were carried across the Scheldt to land on the south side, while Royal Marines were put ashore to the west (at Westkapelle) against tough resistance. Under the command of Brig B. W. Leicester, the 4th Royal Marine Special Service Brigade consisting of Nos 41, 47 and 48 RM Commandos was carried from Ostend in 180 landing craft. ... Many landing craft were lost in the assault and by the time the Germans surrendered on the 8th, Allied casualties totalled 8,000."

    I'm not altogether sure, but I think the battle is mentioned in Lt Cdr Lovering's (2007) Amphibious Assault: Manoeuvre From the Sea. Originally put together in 2005 in order to enhance the 'core knowledge' of the Corp the book comprises 37 chapters, most of which are analyses of single operations, from the Dardenelles to the Al Faw Peninsula, written by experts in the field from both sides of the pond. See the review of it by Dr Eric Grove in this month's Navy News (June, 2007, p. 44). It looks a corker and is definitely on my to-get list, although it aint cheap.
  5. Too slow Harry!LOL
  6. lol ... was trying to find me Navy News!
  7. I don't understand why there is hardly anything saying that No.2 Commando Dutch Troop were there at Westkapelle in the frontline as well(attached to No.47 Royal Marine Brigade).
    And also near Vlissingen.

    And yes, i'm biased ! :tongue:
  8. This is great thanks, and an intresting read.

    =) Ash.
  9. Just for you Cloggie!

    When the Netherlands was overrun by the Nazis in world war two a small Dutch force was assembled in Great Britain to carry on commando operations. This force was trained alongside British Commandos in Scotland in 1942 and took on the name No 2 (Dutch) Commando Troop as part of the British Royal Army and as such wore the Green Beret. The British military at that time had several foreign units from occupied Europe on its rolls. The group served piecemeal in several operations in the Pacific theater and in Europe before being attached in its entirety to Operation Market Garden (of the movie “A Bridge Too Far†fame) in 1944. This operation took place in the occupied Netherlands and the Dutch commandos parachuted in as guides with elements of the British 1st Airborne Division at Arnheim and the US 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions at Nijmegen. The Dutch force later helped mark areas for amphibious landings in the Netherlands. At the end of the war No 2 Troop was dissolved and its members went onto form the Dutch Paragevechtsgroep (Para Combat Group).

    And here.



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