This may be interesting..............This day in History.

February 4
786
Harun al-Rashid succeeds his older brother the Abbasid Caliph al-Hadi as Caliph of Baghdad.1194Richard I, King of England, is freed from captivity in Germany.1508The Proclamation of Trent is made.1787Shay's Rebellion, an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers against the new U.S. government, fails.1795France abolishes slavery in her territories and confers slaves to citizens.1889Harry Longabaugh is released from Sundance Prison in Wyoming, thereby acquiring the famous nickname, "the Sundance Kid."1899After an exchange of gunfire, fighting breaks out between American troops and Filipinos near Manila, sparking the Philippine-American War1906The New York Police Department begins finger print identification.1909California law segregates Caucasian and Japanese schoolchildren.1915Germany decrees British waters as part of the war zone; all ships to be sunk without warning.1923French troops take the territories of Offenburg, Appenweier and Buhl in the Ruhr as a part of the agreement ending World War I.1932Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurates the Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, N.Y.1941The United Service Organization (U.S.O.) is formed to cater to armed forces and defense industries.1944The Japanese attack the Indian Seventh Army in Burma.1945The Big Three, American, British and Soviet leaders, meet in Yalta to discuss the war aims.1966Senate Foreign Relations Committee begins televised hearings on the Vietnam War.1974Newspaper heiress Patty Hearst is kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army, beginning one of the most bizarre cases in FBI history.1980Syria withdraws its peacekeeping force in Beirut.1986The U.S. Post Office issues a commemorative stamp featuring Sojourner Truth.Born on February 41881Fernand Leger, French painter.1900Jacques Prevert, French poet, screenwriter (The Visitors of the Evening, The Children of Paradise).1902Charles Lindbergh, the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic.1906Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German Protestant theologian.1906Clyde Tombaugh, astronomer, discovered Pluto.1913Rosa Lee Parks, civil rights activist.1921Betty Friedan, writer, feminist, founded the National Organization of Women in 1966.1925Russell Hoban, artist and writer (Bedtime for Frances, The Mouse and His Child).1932Robert Coover, novelist & short story writer.1947Dan Quayle, vice president under President George H.W. Bush
 
February 5
1556
Henry II of France and Philip of Spain sign the truce of Vaucelles.1631A ship from Bristol, the Lyon, arrives with provisions for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.1762Martinique, a major French base in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, surrenders to the British.1783Sweden recognizes U.S. independence.1846The first Pacific Coast newspaper, Oregon Spectator, is published.1864Federal forces occupy Jackson, Miss.1865The three-day Battle of Hatcher's Run, Va., begins.1900The United States and Great Britain sign the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, giving the United States the right to build a canal in Nicaragua but not to fortify it.1917U.S. Congress nullifies President Woordrow Wilson's veto of the Immigration Act; literacy tests are required.1918The Soviets proclaim separation of church and state.1922The Reader's Digest begins publication in New York.1922William Larned's steel-framed tennis racquet gets its first test.1945American and French troops destroy German forces in the Colmar Pocket in France.1947The Soviet Union and Great Britain reject terms for an American trusteeship over Japanese Pacific Isles.1952New York adopts three-colored traffic lights.1961The Soviets launch Sputnik V, the heaviest satellite to date at 7.1 tons.1968U.S. troops divide Viet Cong at Hue while the Saigon government claims they will arm loyal citizens.1971Two Apollo 14 astronauts walk on the moon.1972It is reported that the United States has agreed to sell 42 F-4 Phantom jets to Israel.1985U.S. halts a loan to Chile in protest over human rights abuses.Born on February 51723John Witherspoon, Declaration of Independence signer.1788Sir Robert Peel, British prime minister.1837Dwight L. Moody, evangelist, founder of the Moody Bible Institute.1848Belle Starr, Western outlaw.1872Lafayette Benedict Mendel, biochemist.1898Ralph McGill, editor and publisher of the Atlanta Constitution.1900Adlai E. Stevenson II, Illinois governor and presidential candidate.1914Sir Alan Hodgin, English physiologist and biophysicist.1915Robert Hofstadter, physicist who won the Nobel prize in 1961 for his studies of neutrons and protons.1926Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, longtime New York Times publisher.1934Hank Aaron, American hall of fame baseball player.1938John Guare, playwright (The House of Blue Leaves)
 
February 6
1626
Huguenot rebels and the French sign the Peace of La Rochelle.1778France recognizes the United States and signs a treaty of aid in Paris.1788Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the Constitution.1862The Battle of Fort Henry, Tenn., begins the Mississippi Valley campaign.1891The Dalton Gang commits its first crime, a train robbery in Alila, Calif.1899The Spanish-American War ends.1900President McKinley appoints W.H. Taft commissioner to report on the Philippines.1904Japan's foreign minister severs all ties with Russia, citing delaying tactics in negotiations over Manchuria.1916Germany admits full liability for Lusitania incident and recognizes the United State's right to claim indemnity.1922The Washington Disarmament Conference comes to an end with signature of final treaty forbidding fortification of the Aleutian Islands for 14 years.1926Mussolini warns Germany to stop agitation in Tyrol.1929Germany accepts Kellogg-Briand pact.1933Adolf Hitler's Third Reich begins press censorship.1936Adolf Hitler opens the Fourth Winter Olympics.1941The RAF clears the way as British take Benghazi, trapping thousands of Italians.1944Kwajalein Island in the Central Pacific falls to U.S. Army troops.1945MacArthur reports the fall of Manila, and the liberation of 5,000 prisoners.1963The United States reports that all Soviet offensive arms are out of Cuba.1964Cuba blocks the water supply to Guantanamo Naval Base in rebuke of the United State's seizure of four Cuban fishing boats.1964Paris and London agree to build a rail tunnel under the English Channel.1965Seven U.S. GIs are killed in a Viet Cong raid on a base in Pleiku.1968Charles de Gaulle opens the 19th Winter Olympics in France.1975President Gerald Ford asks Congress for $497 million in aid to Cambodia.1977Queen Elizabeth marks her Silver Jubilee.1982Civil rights workers begin a march from Carrolton to Montgomery, Alabama.Born on February 61756Aaron Burr, 3rd U.S. Vice President.1895George Herman "Babe" Ruth, baseball player with the Boston Red Sox, the New York Yankees and the Boston Braves. The first player to hit 60 home runs in one season.1911Ronald Reagan, film actor and 40th U.S. President (1981-1989).1913Mary Douglas Leakey, archaeologist and paleoanthropologist.1932Francois Truffaut, French film director (The 400 Blows, Shoot the Piano Player).1933Walter E. Fountroy, politician and civil rights leader.1940Tom Brokaw, NBC News anchorman.1945Bob Marley, reggae musician.
 
February 7
457
A Thracian officer by the name of Leo is proclaimed as emperor of the East by the army general, Aspar, on the death of the Emperor Marcian.1668The Netherlands, England and Sweden conclude an alliance directed against Louis XIV of France.1783The Siege of Gibraltar, which was pursued by the Spanish and the French since July 24, 1779, is finally lifted.1818The first successful U.S. educational magazine, Academician, begins publication in New York City.1882American pugilist John L. Sullivan becomes the last of the bare-knuckle world heavyweight champions with his defeat of Patty Ryan in Mississippi City.1913The Turks lose 5,000 men in a battle with the Bulgarian army in Gallipoli.1915Fieldmarshal Paul von Hindenburg moves on Russians at Masurian Lakes.1917The British steamer California is sunk off the coast of Ireland by a German U-boat.1926Negro History Week, originated by Carter G. Woodson, is observed for the first time.1928The United States signs an arbitration treaty with France.1931Amelia Earhart weds George Putnam in Connecticut.1944The Germans launch a second attack against the Allied beachead at Anzio, Italy. They hoped to push the Allies back into the sea.1950The United States recognizes Vietnam under the leadership of Emperor Bao Dai, not Ho Chi Minh who is recognized by the Soviets.1963The Mona Lisa is put on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.1964The British band The Beatles are greeted by 25,000 fans upon their arrival in the United States at JFK Airport.1965U.S. jets hit Dong Hoi guerrilla base in reprisal for the Viet Cong raids.1968North Vietnamese use 11 Soviet-built light tanks to overrun the U.S. Special Forces camp at Lang Vei at the end of an 18-hour long siege.1978Ethiopia mounts a counter attack against Somalia.1983Iran opens an invasion in the southeast of Iraq.Born on February 71477Sir Thomas More, English statesman and writer, famous for Utopia, later executed for refusing to accept Henry VIII as the head of the church.1804John Deere, farm equipment manufacturer1812Charles Dickens, prolific English novelist whose stories reflected life in Victorian England. Some of his more famous works include Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol and A Tale of Two Cities.1837Sir James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and editor.1867Laura Ingalls Wilder, author whose works were the basis for television's Little House on the Prairie.1885Sinclair Lewis, novelist of satire and realism. (Arrowsmith, Elmer Gantry).1905Ulf Svante von Euler-Chelpin, Swedish physiologist.
 
February 8
1587
Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded in Fotheringhay Castle for her alleged part in the conspiracy to usurp Elizabeth I.1807At Eylau, Napoleon's Marshal Pierre Agureau attacks Russian forces in a heavy snowstorm.1861Delegates from seceded states adopt a provisional Confederate Constitution.1862Union troops under Gen. Ambrose Burnside defeat a Confederate defense force at the Battle of Roanoke Island, N.C.1865Confederate raider William Quantrill and men attack a group of Federal wagons at New Market, Kentucky.1887Congress passes the Dawes Act, which gives citizenship to Indians living apart from their tribe.1900British General Buller is beaten at Ladysmith, South Africa as the British flee over the Tugela River.1904In a surprise attack at Port Arthur, Korea, the Japanese disable seven Russian warships.1910The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated.1924The gas chamber is used for the first time to execute a murderer.1942The Japanese land on Singapore.1943British General Orde Wingate leads a guerrilla force of "Chindits" against the Japanese in Burma.1952Elizabeth becomes Queen of England after her father, King George VI, dies.1962The U.S. Defense Department reports the creation of the Military Assistance Command in South Vietnam.1965South Vietnamese bomb the North Vietnamese communications center at Vinh Linh.1971South Vietnamese ground forces, backed by American air power, begin Operation Lam Son 719, a 17,000 man incursion into Laos that ends three weeks later in a disaster.1990CBS television temporarily suspends Andy Rooney for his anti-gay and ant-black remarks in a magazine interview.Born on February 8412St. Proclus, Patriarch of Constantinople1820William T. Sherman, Union general in the American Civil War.1828Jules Verne, French novelist, one of the first writers of science fiction (Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea).1834Dmitri Ivanovich Medeleyev, Russian chemist, developed the periodic table of elements.1851Kate (O'Flaherty ) Chopin, novelist, short story writer (The Awakening).1906Chester F. Carlson, physicist, inventor of xerography, the electrostatic dry-copy process.1906Henry Roth, writer (Call it Sleep).1911Elizabeth Bishop, poet.1926Neal Cassaday, writer, counterculture proponent.1931James Dean, film actor and 1950s teenage icon (Rebel Without a Cause, East of Eden, Giant).1940Ted Koppel, television journalist.
 
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  • February 91567Lord Darnley, the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, is murdered in his sick-bed in a house in Edinburgh when the house blows up.1799The USS Constellation captures the French frigate Insurgente off the West Indies.1825The House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams, sixth U.S. President.1861Jefferson F. Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.1864Union General George Armstrong Custer marries Elizabeth Bacon in their hometown of Monroe, Mich.1904Japanese troops land near Seoul, Korea, after disabling two Russian cruisers.1909France agrees to recognize German economic interests in Morocco in exchange for political supremacy.1916Conscription begins in Great Britain as the Military Service Act becomes effective.1922The U.S. Congress establishes the World War Foreign Debt Commission.1942Chiang Kai-shek meets with Sir Stafford Cripps, the British viceroy in India.1943The Red Army takes back Kursk 15 months after it fell to the Germans.1946Stalin announces the new five-year plan for the Soviet Union, calling for production boosts of 50 percent.1951Actress Greta Garbo gets U.S. citizenship.1953The French destroy six Viet Minh war factories hidden in the jungles of Vietnam.1964The U.S. embassy in Moscow is stoned by Chinese and Vietnamese students.1978Canada expels 11 Soviets in spying case.1994Nelson Mandela becomes the first black president of South Africa.Born on February 91773William Henry Harrison, ninth U.S. President and the first to die in office.1814Samuel Tilden, philanthropist.1819Lydia E. Pinkham, patent-medicine maker and entrepeneur.1846William Maybach, German engineer, designed the first Mercedes automobile.1871Howard T. Ricketts, pathologist.1874Amy Lowell, poet.1880James Stephens, Irish writer (The Charwoman's Daughter, The Crock of Gold).1909Dean Rusk, Secretary of State under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.1923Brendan Behan, Irish playwright and poet (The Hostage, The Quare Fellow).1944Alice Walker, Pulitzer prize winning author (The Color Purple).
 
February 10
1258
Hulagu, a Mongol leader, seizes Baghdad, bringing an end to the Abbasid caliphate.1620Supporters of Marie de Medici, the queen mother, who has been exiled to Blois, are defeated by the king's troops at Ponts de Ce, France.1763The Treaty of Paris ends the French-Indian War. France gives up all her territories in the New World except New Orleans and a few scattered islands.1799Napoleon Bonaparte leaves Cairo, Egypt, for Syria, at the head of 13,000 men.1814Napoleon personally directs lightning strikes against enemy columns advancing toward Paris, beginning with a victory over the Russians at Champaubert.1840Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert.1846Led by religious leader Brigham Young, the first Mormons begin a long westward exodus from Nauvoo, Il., to Utah.1863P.T. Barnum's star midgets, Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren, are married.1904Russia and Japan declare war on each other.1915President Wilson blasts the British for using the U.S. flag on merchant ships to deceive the Germans.1939Japanese occupy island of Hainan in French Indochina.1941London severs diplomatic relations with Romania.1941Iceland is attacked by German planes.1942The war halts civilian car production at Ford.1945B-29s hit the Tokyo area.1955Bell Aircraft displays a fixed-wing vertical takeoff plane.1960Adolph Coors, the beer brewer, is kidnapped in Golden, Colo.1966Protester David Miller is convicted of burning his draft card.1979The Metropolitan Museum announces the first major theft in its 110-year history, $150,000 Greek marble head.1986The largest Mafia trial in history, with 474 defendants, opens in Palermo, Italy.Born on February 101890Boris Pasternak, Russian novelist and poet (Dr. Zhivago).1893Jimmy Durante, American comedian and film actor.1894Harold MacMillan, British prime minister (1957-1963).1897John F. Enders, virologist.1898Bertolt Brecht, German poet and dramatist (The Threepenny Opera).1901Stella Adler, actress and teacher.1902Walter Brattain, physicist, one of the inventors of the transistor.1910Dominique Georges Pire, Belgian cleric and educator.1914Larry Adler, harmonica virtuoso.1920Alex Comfort, English physician and author (Joy of Sex).1927(Mary Violet) Leontyne Price, opera singer.
 
February 11
660 BC
Traditional founding of Japan by Emperor Jimmu Tenno.1531Henry VIII is recognized as the supreme head of the Church of England.1805Sixteen-year-old Sacajawea, the Shoshoni guide for Lewis & Clark, gives birth to a son, with Meriwether Lewis serving as midwife.1809Robert Fulton patents the steamboat.1815News of the Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812, finally reaches the United States.185814-year-old Bernadette Soubirous, a French miller's daughter, claims to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes.1903Congress passes the Expedition Act, giving antitrust cases priority in the courts.1904President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims strict neutrality for the United States in the Russo-Japanese War.1910Theodore Roosevelt Jr. and Eleanor Alexander announce their wedding date--June 20, 1910.1926The Mexican government nationalizes all church property.1936The Reich arrests 150 Catholic youth leaders in Berlin.1939The Negrin government returns to Madrid, Spain.1942The German battleships Gneisenau, Scharnhorst and Prinz Eugen begin their famed channel dash from the French port of Brest. Their journey takes them through the English Channel on their way back to Germany.1945The meeting of President Franklin Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Marshal Joseph Stalinin Yalta, adjourns.1951U.N. forces push north across the 38th parallel for the second time in the Korean War.1953Walt Disney's film Peter Pan premieres.1954A 75,000-watt light bulb is lit at the Rockefeller Center in New York, to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Thomas Edison's first light bulb.1955Nationalist Chinese complete the evacuation of the Tachen Islands.1959Iran turns down Soviet aid in favor of a U.S. proposal for aid.1962Poet and novelist Sylvia Plath commits suicide in London at age 30.1964Cambodian Prince Sihanouk blames the United States for a South Vietnamese air raid on a village in his country.1965President Lyndon Johnson orders air strikes against targets in North Vietnam, in retaliation for guerrilla attacks on the American military in South Vietnam.1966Vice President Hubert Humphrey begins a tour of Vietnam.1974Communist-led rebels shower artillery fire into a crowded area of Phnom Pehn, killing 139 and injuring 46 others.1975Mrs. Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman to lead the British Conservative Party.1990South African political leader Nelson Mandela is released from prison in Paarl, South Africa, after serving more than 27 years of a life sentence.Born on February 111535Gregory XIV, Roman Catholic Pope.1800William Henry Fox Talbot, photography pioneer, produced the first book with photographic illustrations (The Pencil of Nature).1833Melville Weston Fuller, eighth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice.1847Thomas Alva Edison, prolific American inventor who jointly or singly held over 1,300 patents.1855Josephine Marshall Jewell Dodge, American educator, pioneer in the concept of day nurseries for children.1898Leo Szilard, physicist, instrumental in the Manhattan Project.1907William J. Levitt, U.S. businessman and community builder who led the postwar housing revolutions with his Levittowns.1908Phillipe Dunne, screenwriter and director (How Green Was My Valley).1912Roy Fuller, poet and novelist.
 

fishhead

War Hero
No-one(including myself) has bothered to give @higthepig a "Like" for all his little nuggets of history served up on a daily basis. I'd for one am reading and enjoying them.
 
February 12
1294
Kublai Khan, the conqueror of Asia, dies at the age of 80.1554Lady Jane Grey, the Queen of England for thirteen days, is beheaded on Tower Hill. She was barely 17 years old.1709Alexander Selkirk, the Scottish seaman whose adventures inspired the creation of Daniel Dafoe's Robinson Crusoe, is taken off Juan Fernandez Island after more than four years of living there alone.1793The first fugitive slave law, requiring the return of escaped slaves, is passed.1818Chile gains independence from Spain.1836Mexican General Santa Anna crosses the Rio Grande en route to the Alamo.1909The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is formed.1912China becomes a republic following the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty.1921Winston Churchill of London is appointed colonial secretary.1924George Gershwin's groundbreaking symphonic jazz composition Rhapsody in Blue premieres with Gershwin himself playing the piano with Paul Whiteman's orchestra.1929Charles Lindbergh announces his engagement to Anne Morrow.1931Japan makes its first television broadcast--a baseball game.1935The Macon, the last U.S. Navy dirigible, crashes off the coast of California, killing two people.1938Japan refuses to reveal naval data requested by the U.S. and Britain.1940The Soviet Union signs a trade treaty with Germany to aid against the British blockade.1944Wendell Wilkie enters the American presidential race against Franklin D. Roosevelt.1949Muslim Brotherhood chief Hassan el Banna is shot to death in Cairo.1953The Soviets break off diplomatic relations with Israel after the bombing of Soviet legation.1966The South Vietnamese win two big battles in the Mekong Delta.1972Senator Edward Kennedy advocates amnesty for Vietnam draft resisters.1974The Symbionese Liberation Army asks the Hearst family for $230 million in food for the poor.1980The Lake Placid Winter Olympics open in New York.1987A Court in Texas upholds $8.5 billion of a fine imposed on Texaco for the illegal takeover of Getty Oil.1999The U.S. Senate fails to pass two articles of impeachment against President Bill Clinton. He had been accused of perjury and obstruction of justice by the House of Representatives.Born on February 121768Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor1775Louisa Adams, wife of John Quincy Adams1809Charles Darwin, naturalist and influential theorist of evolution (On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection).1809Abraham Lincoln, 16th U.S. President of the United State (1861-1865).1828George Meredith, English poet and novelist.1857Eugene Atget, French photographer, took over 10,000 photographs documenting Paris.1874Auguste Perret, French architect, pioneer in designs of reinforced concrete buildings.1880John L. Lewis, American labor leader.1893Omar Bradley, U.S. army general during World War II.
 

WreckerL

War Hero
"1940The Soviet Union signs a trade treaty with Germany to aid against the British blockade "

That turned out well didn't it :)
 
February 13
167
Polycarp, a disciple of St. John and Bishop of Smyrna, is martyred on the west coast of Asia Minor.1542Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII, is beheaded for adultery.1689British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights.1692In the Glen Coe highlands of Scotland, thirty-eight members of the MacDonald clan are murdered by soldiers of the neighboring Campbell clan for not pledging allegiance to William of Orange. Ironically the pledge had been made but not communicated to the clans. The event is remembered as the Massacre of Glencoe.1862The four day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, begins.1865The Confederacy approves the recruitment of slaves as soldiers, as long as the approval of their owners is gained.1866Jesse James holds up his first bank.1914The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) is founded.1936First social security checks are put in the mail.1945The Royal Air Force Bomber Command devastates the German city of Dresdenwith night raids by 873 heavy bombers. The attacks are joined by 521 American heavy bombers flying daylight raids.1949A mob burns a radio station in Ecuador after the broadcast of H.G. Wells' "War of the Worlds."1951At the Battle of Chipyong-ni, in Korea, U.N. troops contain the Chinese forces' offensive in a two-day battle.1953The Pope asks the United States to grant clemency to convicted spies Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.1968The United States sends 10,500 more combat troops to Vietnam.1970General Motors is reportedly redesigning automobiles to run on unleaded fuel.1972Enemy attacks in Vietnam decline for the third day as the United States continues its intensive bombing strategy.1984Konstantin Chernenko is selected to succeed Yuri Andropov as Party General Secretary in the Soviet Union.Born on February 131599Alexander VII, Roman Catholic Pope.1682Giovanni Piazzetta, painter (Fortune Teller).1764Charles de Talleyrand, Napoleon's foreign minister.1849Lord Randolph Churchill, English politician, Winston Churchill's father and member of Parliament.1873Feodor Chaliapin, opera singer.1892Grant Wood, painter (American Gothic).1902Georges Simenon, novelist.1910William B. Shockley, physicist, co-inventor of the transistor.1919Tennessee Ernie Ford, country and gospel singer.1922Harold "Hal" Moore Jr., US Army lieutenant general, author; led 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment at 1965 Battle of Ia Drang Valley; his best-known book, co-authored with combat journalist Joe Galloway, is "We Were Soldiers Once . . . And Young," an account of that battle.1923Charles "Chuck" Yeager, American test pilot, the first man to break the sound barrier.1933Kim Novak, actress.
 
February 14
Happy Valentine's Day!
Today is St. Valentine's Day, the feast day of two Christian martyrs named Valentine: one a priest and physician, the other the Bishop of Terni. Both are purported to have been beheaded on this day. The custom of sending handmade 'valentines' to one's beloved became popular during the 17th century and was first commercialized in the United States in the 1840s. 13492,000 Jews are burned at the stake in Strasbourg, Germany.1400The deposed Richard II is murdered in Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire.1549Maximilian II, brother of the Emperor Charles V, is recognized as the future king of Bohemia.1779American Loyalists are defeated by Patriots at Kettle Creek, Ga.1797The Spanish fleet is destroyed by the British under Admiral Jervis (with Nelson in support) at the battle of Cape St. Vincent, off Portugal.1848James Polk becomes the first U.S. President to be photographed in office by Matthew Brady.1859Oregon is admitted as the thirty-third state.1870Esther Morris becomes the world's first female justice of the peace.1876Rival inventors Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell both apply for patents for the telephone.1900General Roberts invades South Africa's Orange Free State with 20,000 British troops.1904The "Missouri Kid" is captured in Kansas.1912Arizona becomes the 48th state in the Union.1915Kaiser Wilhelm II invites the U.S. Ambassador to Berlin in order to confer on thewar.1918Warsaw demonstrators protest the transfer of Polish territory to the Ukraine.1920The League of Women Voters is formed in Chicago in celebration of the imminent ratification of the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote.1924Thomas Watson founds International Business Machines Corp.1929Chicago gang war between Al Capone and George "Bugs" Moran culminates with several Moran confederates being gunned down in the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.1939Germany launches the battleship Bismarck.1940Britain announces that all merchant ships will be armed.1942Japanese paratroopers attack Sumatra. Aidan MacCarthy's RAF unit flew to Palembang, in eastern Sumatra, where 30 Royal Australian Air Force Lockheed A-28 Hudson bombers were waiting.1945800 Allied aircraft firebomb the German city of Dresden. Smaller followup bombing raids last until April with a total death toll of between 35,000 to 130,000 civilians.1945The siege of Budapest ends as the Soviets take the city. Only 785 German and Hungarian soldiers managed to escape.1949The United States charges the Soviet Union with interning up to 14 million in labor camps.1955A Jewish couple loses their fight to adopt Catholic twins as the U.S. Supreme Court refuses to rule on state law.1957The Georgia state senate outlaws interracial athletics.1965Malcolm X's home is firebombed. No injuries are reported.1971Moscow publicizes a new five-year plan geared to expanding consumer production.1973The United States and Hanoi set up a group to channel reconstruction aid directly to Hanoi.1979Armed guerrillas attack the U.S. embassy in Tehran.1985Vietnamese troops surround the main Khmer Rouge base at Phnom Malai.1989Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini charges that Salman Rushdie's novel, The Satanic Verses, is blasphemous and issues an edict (fatwa) calling on Muslims to kill Rushdie.Born on February 141760Richard Allen, first black ordained by a Methodist-Episcopal church.1817Frederick Douglass, slave, and later, activist and author.1819Christopher Latham Sholes, inventor of the first practical typewriter.1845Quinton Hogg, English philanthropist.1859George Washington Gale Ferris, inventor of the Ferris Wheel.1894Jack Benny, comedian, radio and television performer, and violinist.1894Mary Lucinda Cardwell Dawson, founded the National Negro Opera Company (NNOC) and was appointed to President John F. Kennedy's National Committee on Music.
 
February 15
1798
The first serious fist fight occurs in Congress.1804New Jersey becomes the last northern state to abolishslavery.1862Union General Ulysses S. Grant launches a major assault on Fort Donelson, Tenn.1869Charges of treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped.1898The U.S. battleship Maine blows up in Havana Harbor, killing 268 sailors and bringing hordes of Western cowboys and gunfighters rushing to enlist in the Spanish-American War.1900The British threaten to use natives in the Boer War fight.1925The London Zoo announces it will install lights to cheer up fogged-in animals.1934U.S. Congress passes the Civil Works Emergency Relief Act, allotting new funds for Federal Emergency Relief Administration.1940Hitler orders that all British merchant ships will be considered warships.1942British forces in Singapore surrender to Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita.1943The Germans break the American Army's lines at the Fanid-Sened Sector in Tunisia, North Africa.1944American bombers attack the Abbey of Monte Cassino in an effort to neutralize it as a German observation post in central Italy.1946Royal Canadian mounted police arrest 22 as Soviet spies.1950Joseph Stalin and Mao Tse-tung sign a mutual defense treaty in Moscow.1957Andrei Gromyko replaces Dmitri T. Shepilov as the Soviet Foreign Minister.1961Eighteen members of the U.S. figure skating team are lost in an airplane crash in Belgium.1965Canada's maple leaf flag is raised for the first time.1967Thirteen U.S. helicopters are shot down in one day in Vietnam1974U.S. gas stations threaten to close because of federal fuel policies.Born on February 151564Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and mathematician.1710Louis XV, King of France1726Abraham Clark, signer of Declaration of Independence.1797Henry Steinway, piano maker1820Susan B. Anthony, suffragette and political activist.1882John Barrymore, actor, sibling to actors Lionel Barrymore & Ethel Barrymore, father of actors John Drew Barrymore & Diana Barrymore and grandfather of actor Drew Barrymore.1905Harold Arlen, composer, arranger and pianist ("Stormy Weather," "It's Only a Paper Moon").1954Matt Groening, cartoonist (The Simpsons).
 
February 16
1760
Cherokee Indians held hostage at Fort St. George are killed in revenge for Indian attacks on frontier settlements.1804US Navy lieutenant Steven Decatur leads a small group of sailors into Tripoli harbor and burns the USS Philadelphia, captured earlier by Barbary pirates.1862Fort Donelson, Tennessee, falls to Grant's Federal forces, but not before Nathan Bedford Forrest escapes.1865Columbia, South Carolina, surrenders to Federal troops.1923Bessie Smith makes her first recording "Down Hearted Blues."1934Thousands of Socialists battle Communists at a rally in New York's Madison Square Garden.1937Dupont patents a new thread, nylon, which will replace silk in a number of products and reduce costs.1940The British destroyer HMS Cossack rescues British seamen from a German prison ship, the Altmark, in a Norwegian fjord.1942Tojo outlines Japan's war aims to the Diet, referring to "new order of coexistence" in East Asia.1945American paratroopers land on Corregidor, in a campaign to liberate the Philippines.1951Stalin contends the U.N. is becoming the weapon of aggressive war.1952The FBI arrests 10 members of the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina.1957A U.S. flag flies over an outpost in Wilkes Land, Antarctica.1959Fidel Castro takes the oath as Cuban premier in Havana.1965Four persons are held in a plot to blow up the Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell and the Washington Monument.1966The World Council of Churches being held in Geneva, urges immediate peace in Vietnam.1978China and Japan sign a $20 billion trade pact, which is the most important move since the 1972 resumption of diplomatic ties.Born on February 161620Frederick William, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia.1838Henry Adams, U.S. historian, son and grandson of the presidents.1852Charles Taze Russell, founder of the International Bible Students Association which later became the Jehovah's Witnesses.1845Quinton Hogg, English philanthropist.1886Van Wyck Brooks, biographer, critic and literary historian.1903Edgar Bergen, ventriloquist and radio comedian.1904George Kennan, U.S. diplomat and historian.1944Richard Ford, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist (The Sportswriter, Independence Day).
 
February 17
1454
At a grand feast, Philip the Good of Burgundy takes the "vow of the pheasant," by which he swears to fight the Turks.1598Boris Godunov, the boyar of Tarar origin, is elected czar in succession to his brother-in-law Fydor.1720Spain signs the Treaty of the Hague with the Quadruple Alliance ending a war that was begun in 1718.1801The House of Representatives breaks an electoral college tie and chooses Thomas Jefferson over Aaron Burr.1864The Confederate submarine Hunley sinks the USS Housatonic in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina.1865The South Carolina capital city, Columbia, is destroyed by fire as Major General William Tecumseh Sherman marches through.1909Apache chief Geronimo dies of pneumonia at age 80, while still in captivity at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.1919Germany signs an armistice giving up territory in Poland.1925The first issue of Harold Ross' magazine, The New Yorker, hits the stands, selling for 15 cents a copy.1933The League of Nations censures Japan in a worldwide broadcast.1935Thirty-one prisoners escape an Oklahoma prison after murdering a guard.1938The first color television is demonstrated at the Dominion Theatre in London.1944U.S forces land on Eniwetok atoll in the South Pacific.1945Gen. MacArthur's troops land on Corregidor in the Philippines.1951Packard introduces its "250" Chassis Convertible.1955Britain announces its ability to make hydrogen bombs.1959The United States launches its first weather station in space, Vanguard II.1960Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested in the Alabama bus boycott.1963Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev visits the Berlin Wall.1969Russia and Peru sign their first trade accord.1973President Richard Nixon names Patrick Gray director of the FBI.1975Art by Cezanne, Gauguin, Renoir, and van Gogh, valued at $5 million, is stolen from the Municipal Museum in Milan.1979China begins a "pedagogical" war against Vietnam. It will last until March.1985Murray Haydon becomes the third person to receive an artificial heart.Born on February 171774Raphaelle Peale, U.S. painter1864A(ndrew) B(arton) "Banjo" Paterson, Australian poet and journalist.1874Thomas J. Watson Sr., U.S. industrialist.1902Marian Anderson, American singer.1908Walter Lanier "Red" Barber, baseball announcer for the Cincinnati Reds, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Yankees.1929Chaim Potok, novelist (The Chosen, The Promise).1963Michael Jordan, basketball player for the Chicago Bulls
 
February 18
1478
George, the Duke of Clarence, who had opposed his brother Edward IV, is murdered in the Tower of London.1688Quakers in Germantown, Pa. adopt the first formal antislavery resolution in America.1813Czar Alexander enters Warsaw at the head of his Army.1861Victor Emmanuel II becomes the first King of Italy.1861Jefferson F. Davis is inaugurated as the Confederacy's provisional president at a ceremony held in Montgomery, Ala.1865Union troops force the Confederates to abandon Fort Anderson, N.C.1878The bitter and bloody Lincoln County War begins with the murder of Billy the Kid's mentor, Englishman rancher John Tunstall.1885The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, is published in New York.1907600,000 tons of grain are sent to Russia to relieve the famine there.1920Vuillemin and Chalus complete their first flight over the Sahara Desert.1932Manchurian independence is formally declared.1935Rome reports sending troops to Italian Somalia.1939The Golden Gate Exposition opens in San Francisco.1943German General Erwin Rommel takes three towns in Tunisia, North Africa.1944The U.S. Army and Marines invade Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.1945U.S. Marines storm ashore at Iwo Jima.1954East and West Berlin drop thousands of propaganda leaflets on each other after the end of a month long truce.1962Robert F. Kennedy says that U.S. troops will stay in Vietnam until Communism is defeated.1964The United States cuts military aid to five nations in reprisal for having trade relations with Cuba.1967The National Art Gallery in Washington agrees to buy a Da Vinci for a record $5 million.1968Three U.S. pilots that were held by the Vietnamese arrive in Washington.1972The California Supreme Court voids the death penalty.1974Randolph Hearst is to give $2 million in free food for the poor in order to open talks for his daughter Patty.1982Mexico devalues the peso by 30 percent to fight an economic slide.Born on February 181516Queen Mary I, also known as Bloody Mary for her persecution of Protestants.1795George Peabody, U.S. merchant and philanthropist.1848Louis Comfort Tiffany, glassware artist and designer.1859Shalom Aleichem, Yiddish author.1862Charles M. Schwab, "Boy Wonder" of the steel industry. President of both U.S. Steel and Bethlehem Steel.1892Wendell Wilkie, Presidential candidate against President Franklin Roosevelt.1909Wallace Stegner, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist (Angle of Repose).1922Helen Gurley Brown, editor of Cosmopolitan magazine.1929Len Deighton, English spy writer (The Ipcress File).1931Toni Morrison, Nobel laureate and Pulitzer Prize-winning author (The Bluest Eye, Beloved).1934Audre Lord, poet
 
February 19
1408
The revolt of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, against King Henry IV, ends with his defeat and death at Bramham Moor.1701Philip V of Spain makes his ceremonial entry into Madrid.1807Vice President Aaron Burr is arrested in Alabama for treason. He is later found innocent.1847Rescuers finally reach the ill-fated Donner Party in the Sierras.1861Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom.1902Smallpox vaccination becomes obligatory in France.1903The Austria-Hungary government decrees a mandatory two year military service.1915British and French warships begin their attacks on the Turkish forts at the mouth of the Dardenelles, in an abortive expedition to seize the straits of Gallipoli.1917American troops are recalled from the Mexican border.1919The First Pan African Congress meets in Paris, France.1925President Calvin Coolidge proposes the phasing out of inheritance tax.1926Dr. Lane of Princeton estimates the earth's age at one billion years.1942Port Darwin, on the northern coast of Australia, is bombed by the Japanese.1944The U.S. Eighth Air Force and Royal Air Force begin "Big Week," a series of heavy bomber attacks against German aircraft production facilities.1965Fourteen Vietnam War protesters are arrested for blocking the United Nations' doors in New York.1966Robert F. Kennedy suggests the United States offer the Vietcong a role in governing South Vietnam.1976Britain slashes welfare spending.1981The U.S. State Department calls El Salvador a "textbook case" of a Communist plot.1987New York Governor Mario Cuomo declares that he will not run for president in the next election.Born on February 191473Nicholas Copernicus, Polish astronomer who introduced the idea that the earth revolved around the sun.1683Philip V, King of Spain.1817William III, King of the Netherlands.1859Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, founder of physical chemistry.1902Kay Boyle, short story writer ("The White Horses of Vienna").1911Merle Oberon, film actress.1917Carson McCullers, writer (The Heart is a Lonely Hunter).1940Smokey Robinson, American singer and songwriter.1952Amy Tan, novelist (The Joy Luck Club, The Kitchen God's Wife).
 
February 20th

1513 Pope Julius II dies. He will lay in rest in a huge tomb sculptured by Michelangelo.
1725 New Hampshire militiamen partake in the first recorded scalping of Indians by whites in North America.
1792 The U.S. Postal Service is created.
1809 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the power of the federal government is greater than any individual state in the Union.
1831 Polish revolutionaries defeat the Russians in the Battle of Grochow.
1864 Confederate troops defeat a Union army sent to bring Florida into the union at the Battle of Olustee, Fla.
1900 J.F. Pickering patents his airship.
1906 Russian troops seize large portions of Mongolia.
1915 President Woodrow Wilson opens the Panama-Pacific Expo in San Francisco to celebrate the opening of the Panama Canal.
1918 The Soviet Red Army seizes Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine.
1938 Hitler demands self-determination for Germans in Austria and Czechoslovakia.
1941 The United States sends war planes to the Pacific.
1942 Lt. Edward O'Hare downs five out of nine Japanese bombers that are attacking the carrier Lexington.
1943 German troops of the Afrika Korps break through the Kasserine Pass, defeating U.S. forces.
1954 The Ford Foundation gives a $25 million grant to the Fund for Advancement of Education.
1959 The FCC applies the equal time rule to TV newscasts of political candidates.
1962 Mercury astronaut John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth.
1963 Moscow offers to allow on-site inspection of nuclear testing.
1965 Ranger 8 hits the moon and sends back 7,000 photos to the United States.
1968 North Vietnamese army chief in Hue orders all looters to be shot on sight.
1971 Young people protest having to cut their long hair in Athens, Greece.
1982 Carnegie Hall in New York begins $20 million in renovations.
Born on February 20
1726 William Prescott, U.S. Revolutionary War hero at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
1808 Honore Daumier, French caricaturist.
1844 Ludwig Boltzmann, atomic physics engineer
1888 Marie Rambert, ballet dancer and director.
1894 Curt Richter, biologist.
1898 Jimmy Yancey, American blues pianist.
1901 Rene Dubos, microbiologist, developed the first commercial antibiotic.
1901 Louis I. Kahn, architect.
1902 Ansel Adams, American landscape photographer, especially of western wilderness and mountain panoramas.
1904 Aleksey Nikolayevich Kosygin, Premier of the Soviet Union (1964-1980).
1924 Gloria Vanderbilt, fashion designer
1925 Robert Altman, film director (Nashville, The Player).
1927 Sidney Poitier, American actor, first African American male to win an Oscar (Lillies of the Field).
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