The 14 characteristics of fascism...

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  1. (Obviously Neue Arbiet was taking notes)


    Dr. Lawrence Britt describes the 14 characteristics of fascism...

    1. Powerful and Continuing Nationalism - (We often refer to this as patriotism.)
    Fascist regimes tend to make constant use of patriotic mottos, slogans, symbols, songs, and other paraphernalia. Flags are seen everywhere, as are flag symbols on clothing and in public displays.

    2. Disdain for the Recognition of Human Rights -
    Because of fear of enemies and the need for security, the people in fascist regimes are persuaded that human rights can be ignored in certain cases because of "need." The people tend to look the other way or even approve of torture, summary executions, assassinations, long incarcerations of prisoners, etc.

    3. Identification of Enemies/Scapegoats as a Unifying Cause -
    The people are rallied into a unifying patriotic frenzy over the need to eliminate a perceived common threat or foe: racial , ethnic or religious minorities; liberals; communists; socialists, terrorists, etc.

    4. Supremacy of the Military -
    Even when there are widespread domestic problems, the military is given a disproportionate amount of government funding, and the domestic agenda is neglected. Soldiers and military service are glamorized.

    5. Rampant Sexism -
    The governments of fascist nations tend to be almost exclusively male-dominated. Under fascist regimes, traditional gender roles are made more rigid. Divorce, abortion and homosexuality are suppressed and the state is represented as the ultimate guardian of the family institution.

    6. Controlled Mass Media -
    Sometimes to media is directly controlled by the government, but in other cases, the media is indirectly controlled by government regulation, or sympathetic media spokespeople and executives. Censorship, especially in war time, is very common.

    7. Obsession with National Security -
    Fear is used as a motivational tool by the government over the masses.

    8. Religion and Government are Intertwined -
    Governments in fascist nations tend to use the most common religion in the nation as a tool to manipulate public opinion. Religious rhetoric and terminology is common from government leaders, even when the major tenets of the religion are diametrically opposed to the government's policies or actions.

    9. Corporate Power is Protected -
    The industrial and business aristocracy of a fascist nation often are the ones who put the government leaders into power, creating a mutually beneficial business/government relationship and power elite.

    10. Labor Power is Suppressed -
    Because the organizing power of labor is the only real threat to a fascist government, labor unions are either eliminated entirely, or are severely suppressed.

    11. Disdain for Intellectuals and the Arts -
    Fascist nations tend to promote and tolerate open hostility to higher education, and academia. It is not uncommon for professors and other academics to be censored or even arrested. Free expression in the arts and letters is openly attacked.

    12. Obsession with Crime and Punishment -
    Under fascist regimes, the police are given almost limitless power to enforce laws. The people are often willing to overlook police abuses and even forego civil liberties in the name of patriotism. There is often a national police force with virtually unlimited power in fascist nations.

    13. Rampant Cronyism and Corruption -
    Fascist regimes almost always are governed by groups of friends and associates who appoint each other to government positions and use governmental power and authority to protect their friends from accountability. It is not uncommon in fascist regimes for national resources and even treasures to be appropriated or even outright stolen by government leaders.

    14. Fraudulent Elections -
    Sometimes elections in fascist nations are a complete sham. Other times elections are manipulated by smear campaigns against or even assassination of opposition candidates, use of legislation to control voting numbers or political district boundaries, and manipulation of the media. Fascist nations also typically use their judiciaries to manipulate or control elections.
     
  2. That's the "REAL" Labour Party manifesto isn't it? :thumright:
     
  3. FlagWagger

    FlagWagger Book Reviewer

    No re-read item 4; however, in all other aspects, the similarities are frightening.
     
  4. Oops sorry...the real manifesto reads

    4. Supression of the Military -
    Even when there are widespread domestic problems, the military is given a disproportionate amount of government under-funding, and the military agenda is neglected. Soldiers and military service are victimized.

    :w00t:
     
  5. Dr Britt is described as a "political scientist". I'm not sure what Lord Kelvin would have made of that description but I do know that people with such interests tend to be Socialists and, naturally, totally unbiased. Those 14 points have similarities with any totalitarian regime. I'm sure they could be found in Stalin's Russia and Chairman Mao's China. The difference appears to be that Fascists follow these principles in the name of the State whereas the Communists follow them in the name of the People.

    Incidentally, I agree with FlagWagger.
     
  6. All except items 4 and 7 would characterise a religious state. Note that until Vatican 2 the Roman Catholic Church was officially opposed (since Leo's denunciation of democracy in 1869) to democracy. More conservative elements of ALL the monotheistic religions are opposed to free speech which disagrees with their strongly held ideological beliefs and the suppression of liberty for workers, etc. Think of the contemporary Russian Orthodox Church, the Serbian Orthodox Church, or the silence of the Church of England on the human rights of non-believers. In Britain today the blasphemy laws and rights for humanists to marry in their own ceremonies requires the consent of the CoE. The latter has yet to be agreed to by them. Ergo: Britain is more or less a de facto faschist state.
     
  7. Contributor mode

    P-O-L Beat me to it.

    Fascist is just another "issam" which stretch from Russia and its satellites even now to the USA and other regimes in South America.

    Anyone can make a list and others will disagree with the list. I would add just about all Mid East Countries including Israel. All African Countries from the top to the bottom. Half the states in Asia in fact you have to search for real liberal democracies.

    Nutty
     
  8. chieftiff

    chieftiff War Hero Moderator

    Fascism is a long way from socialism and if you were to reflect on the Professor's list you would probably realise that some of the descriptions can be applied to any form of governance (if you happen to be opposed to it!)

    Churchill warned us in 1945 what happens when people turn away from a socialist government, socialism is infatuated with the good of "the state" as an entity, to turn from it is the cardinal sin:

    "a socialist policy is abhorrent to the British ideas of freedom. Socialism is inseparably interwoven with totalitarianism and the object worship of the state. It will prescribe for every one where they are to work, what they are to work at, where they may go and what they may say. Socialism is an attack on the right to breathe freely. No socialist system can be established without a political police. They would have to fall back on some form of Gestapo, no doubt very humanely directed in the first instance."

    Winston Churchill 1945 (good speech but he still lost the election to a Socialist- albeit probably the greatest socialist ever to lead the government achieving more for the benefit of the people of this country than any other leader- of any party- but that's another story!)
     
  9. He's the Lord Kelvin of whom the adage 'If it cannot be measured it does not exist' is usually attributed, and as such is the unholy godfather of management science's obsession with targets and target setting. When it comes to figuring out why and how we should be governed I'll take political science and its intellectual heritage:

    Plato
    Aristotle
    Aquinas
    Machiavelli
    Hobbes
    Locke
    Montesquieu
    Hume
    Rousseau
    Kant
    Smith
    Bentham
    Tocqueville
    Mill
    Hegel
    Marx
    Keynes
    Hayek
    Friedman
    Berlin
    Rawls

    over so-called management science any time. :thumright:

    Edited to take the bold off Flagwagger :)
     
  10. chieftiff

    chieftiff War Hero Moderator

    I don't think "Dr Britt" has a BSc let alone a Phd Harry, I promoted him to Professor in jest, if he has he certainly hasn't published anything which has been peer reviewed. The only thing I could find was a novel written in 2004 by plain old Mr Laurence Britt AMAZON about a US government taken over by extreme right wing activists (funny old thing)

    That being said I agree with your view on the true intellectuals :thumright:
     
  11. Oooops!

    "Unload! For inspection port arms! Ease springs! That includes you Bosch, you doughnut!"

    :dwarf:
     
  12. Shouldn't item 4 read " Suppresion of the Military until such a time it is required to enhance the civilian masters political and international aspirations "? :rambo:
     

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