The Georgian War was a wonderful learning experience for the Russian Armed Forces. For 70 years they've never had a chance to put their forces up against western trained forces to compare like with like and see what works and what doesn't â€“ Georgia changed all that.
The Georgian Armed Forces were trained by and largely followed US and Israeli doctrines. The Russians were able to learn some very valuable lessons that they have now wriiten into the plans for a restructuring of their armed forces and they will get a serious step change in capability from it.
Professional troops are far more effective than conscripts. The Russian Paratroop forces are pretty much all professionals and were much more combat effective than conscripts troops. Russia has accellerated it's plans to translate to an all professional Army.
Command and control. The current top heavy Officer Centric command system is great for steamrollering countries but not so good for less high tempo warfare. The Russians are getting rid of huge swathes of Officers and greatly expanding their NCO corp to provide more operational flexibility at the Platoon and Company level.
IFF and deconfliction. The widespread use of the same gear by both sides caused a number of Blue on Blues and they have significantly improved their IFF protocols as a result.
The also learned the need for UAVS and have bought an example of each of the Isralies best to reverse engineer. They also found they needed more NVG's and section level GPS - they are buying that stuff COTS from the West as we speak.
In ten years time we will no longer laugh and sneer at the Russians military forces.