I am from the other side of the pond but have a question that someone on here might be able to answer. I have a copper/brass umbrella stand in my home that was once my grandparents home. It was made by my great-uncle Jack Fallon who was a sailor on the USS Vermont (BB-20) during the 1907-1909 cruise of "The Great White Fleet". Based on glimpses of insignia in olb photos I think he was a Machinests Mate 3rd Class. He made it from a 7 inch naval shell. As he was a Machinest's Mate I presume he had access to a lathe onboard Vermont to flare the shell. Vermont was in the last Pre-Dreadnaught class of US Navy Battleships. The Connecticut Class had a battery of 12 inch, 8 inch guns in turrets, 7 inch in hull casements and 3 inch on deck. I am attaching pics of both sides of the shell plus a pic of Vermont (if attachment works) The designs are raised up above the surface of the shell so it appears that the metal was beaten outwards from the inside and then the design hammered from the outside. The base is several blocks of wood glued together and turned on a lathe. On one side the design is leaves/flowers and on the other a woman wearing what appears to be a bathing costume a bit daring for 1908. Oddly, the shell appears to have a brass base and a copper body. I have seen brass shells but never brass and copper combined, I would assume in that era large ammunition was not fixed ammo but seperate powder cartridge plus shell. I wonder if this was a shell designed for salutes only. I would guess that Vermont fired a lot of salutes in the course of the cruise. Comments from any naval gunnery experts appreciated.