British, French & Russian Combined ops - Greece 1827

Discussion in 'History' started by Yannis, Jul 1, 2007.

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  1. On the western side of the southern Peloponnese lies the town of Pylos and the almost land locked bay of Navarino.
    Navarino bay marks the the battle that effectively sealed Greek independence from the Turks on the night of October 2oth 1827.

    The great powers of Britain, France & Russia under the respective commands of admirals Codrington, de Rigny & von Heydon, having established diplomatic relations with the Greek insurgent leaders, were attempting to force an armistice on the Turks & had sent a fleet of twenty seven warships to Navarino, where Ibrahim Pasha had assembled his forces of 16,000 men in 89 ships, in order to persuade Ibrahim into leaving Messinia, which he had been raiding.
    In the confusion & at night, an Egyptian frigate, part of the Turks supporting force, fired it's cannons & full scale battle broke out.
    Without intending to take up arms for the Greeks, the "allies" responded to the attack & extraordinarily, managed to sink fifty three of the Turkish fleet, without a singe loss.
    There was considerable international embarrassment when news filtered through to the "victors" but the action had never the less ended effective control by Turkey, over Greek waters & within a year Greek independence was secured and recognized.

    Navarino bay is also the scene of one of the most famous battles in classical times, described in detail by Thucydides.
    In 425BC, during the Peloponnesian war, an Athenian force encamped at Kastro Navarinou (the old castle of Pylos) laid to siege a group of Spartans on the Island of Sfaktiria, which almost closes the bay. In a break with the Spartan decree of fighting to the death, they surrendered and commented Thucydides, "Nothing that else happened in the war surprised the Hellenes as much as this"

    Today in Pylos stands a monument to the occasion of the sinking of the Turkish fleet, in the Platia Trion Navarhon - square of the three admirals & in September each year a commemoration takes place, with representatives from the Greek, French, Russian, but sadly, not for the past three years that I know of, British Navy's. Has anyone on here attended this celebration, would be good to get some feedback, also, if any such representation is planned for the future (no dates please!)
     

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