If I may introduce me'self, haven't posted before but very impressed with your exremely erudite and witty forum. Just a quickie, looking at the early (very) WW Two events I've come across a remarkable letter from Mr Churchill to Mr Roosevelt written just two weeks after becoming PM and before that nice Mr Hitler had invaded the Low Countries. In it he mentions the urgent requirement for 50 destroyers, which much later became lend-lease. France's army was huge and intact, Germany was effectively land locked, and the U boat fleet was quite small. Why on earth did he urgently request these so early and well before any shipping losses? Their Lords must have been ready...no Med ops, Far East intact, a confident and intact huge Navy...surely he didn't think the old country was that desparate?